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Title: Advanced caries microbiota in teeth with irreversible pulpitis
Authors: Rôças, Isabela N.
Lima, Kenio Costa de
Assunção, Isauremi Vieira de
Gomes, Patrícia N.
Bracks, Igor V.
Siqueira, José F.
Keywords: Dentinal caries;Lactobacillus;Streptococcus;Irreversible pulpitis;Microbiota;Molecular biology;Permanent teeth
Issue Date: 2015
Citation: RÔÇAS, Isabela N. et al.. Advanced caries microbiota in teeth with irreversible pulpitis. Journal of Endodontics, v. 41, n. 9, p. 1450-55, 2015.
Portuguese Abstract: INTRODUCTION: Bacterial taxa in the forefront of caries biofilms are candidate pathogens for irreversible pulpitis and are possibly the first ones to invade the pulp and initiate endodontic infection. This study examined the microbiota of the most advanced layers of dentinal caries in teeth with irreversible pulpitis. METHODS: DNA extracted from samples taken from deep dentinal caries associated with pulp exposures was analyzed for the presence and relative levels of 33 oral bacterial taxa by using reverse-capture checkerboard hybridization assay. Quantification of total bacteria, streptococci, and lactobacilli was also performed by using real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction. Associations between the target bacterial taxa and clinical signs/symptoms were also evaluated. RESULTS: The most frequently detected taxa in the checkerboard assay were Atopobium genomospecies C1 (53%), Pseudoramibacter alactolyticus (37%), Streptococcus species (33%), Streptococcus mutans (33%), Parvimonas micra (13%), Fusobacterium nucleatum (13%), and Veillonella species (13%). Streptococcus species, Dialister invisus, and P. micra were significantly associated with throbbing pain, S. mutans with pain to percussion, and Lactobacillus with continuous pain (P < .05). Quantitative polymerase chain reaction revealed a mean total bacterial load of 1 × 10(8) (range, 2.05 × 10(5) to 4.5 × 10(8)) cell equivalents per milligram (wet weight) of dentin. Streptococci and lactobacilli were very prevalent but comprised only 0.09% and 2% of the whole bacterial population, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Several bacterial taxa were found in advanced caries lesions in teeth with exposed pulps, and some of them were significantly associated with symptoms. A role for these taxa in the etiology of irreversible pulpitis is suspected.
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