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Title: Azilsartan Increases Levels of IL-10, Down-Regulates MMP-2, MMP-9, RANKL/RANK, Cathepsin K and Up- Regulates OPG in an Experimental Periodontitis Model
Authors: Araújo, Aurigena Antunes de
Varela, Hugo
Brito, Gerly Anne de Castro
Medeiros, Caroline Addison Carvalho Xavier de
Araújo, Lorena de Souza
Nascimento, José Heriberto Oliveira do
Araújo Júnior, Raimundo Fernandes de
Keywords: azilsartan
Issue Date: 12-May-2014
Publisher: Faculté de Médecine de Nantes, France
Citation: ARAÚJO, Aurigena Antunes de et al. Azilsartan Increases Levels of IL-10, Down-Regulates MMP-2, MMP-9, RANKL/RANK, Cathepsin K and Up-Regulates OPG in an Experimental Periodontitis Model. Plos One, v. 9, p. 01-08, 2014. Disponível em: <>. Acesso em: 19 mar. 2018.
Portuguese Abstract: Aims The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of azilsartan (AZT) on bone loss, inflammation, and the expression of matrix metallo proteinases (MMPs), receptor activator of nuclear factor κB ligand (RANKL), receptor activator of nuclear factor κB (RANK), osteoprotegerin (OPG), cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2), and cathepsin K in periodontal tissue in a rat model of ligature-induced periodontitis. Materials and Methods Male Wistar albino rats were randomly divided into 5 groups of 10 rats each: (1) nonligated, water; (2) ligated, water; (3) ligated, 1 mg/kg AZT; (4) ligated, 5 mg/kg AZT; and (5) ligated, 10 mg/kg AZT. All groups were treated with saline or AZT for 10 days. Periodontal tissues were analyzed by histopathology and immunohistochemical detection of MMP-2, MMP-9, COX-2, RANKL, RANK, OPG, and cathepsin K. Levels of IL-1β, IL-10, TNF-α, myeloperoxidase (MPO), and glutathione (GSH) were determined by ELISA. Results Treatment with 5 mg/kg AZT resulted in reduced MPO (p<0.05) and IL-1β (p<0.05), increased levels of IL-10 (p<0.05), and reduced expression of MMP-2, MMP-9, COX-2, RANK, RANKL, cathepsin K, and increased expression of OPG. Conclusions These findings reveal that AZT increases anti-inflammatory cytokines and GSH and decreases bone loss in ligature-induced periodontitis in rats.
ISSN: 1932-6203
Appears in Collections:CB - DBF - Artigos publicados em periódicos

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