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Title: Prevalence of biomicroscopic findings in the anterior segment and ocular adnexa among schoolchildren in Natal/Brazil
Other Titles: Prevalência dos achados biomicroscópicos do segmento anterior e anexos oculares em escolares de Natal/Brasil
Authors: Garcia, Carlos Alexandre de Amorim
Pinheiro, Francisco Irochima
Montenegro, Daniel Alves
Gomes, Alexandre Henrique Bezerra
Oréfice, Fernando
Keywords: Anterior eye segment/pathology;Eye diseases/epidemiology;School health;Vision tests;Diagnostic techniques,ophthalmological;Cross-sectional studies
Issue Date: 2005
Publisher: Arquivos Brasileiros de Oftalmologia
Citation: GARCIA, Carlos Alexandre de Amorim ; ALVES, Francisco Irochima Pinheiro e ; MONTENEGRO, Daniel Alves ; GOMES, Alexandre Henrique Bezerra ; ORÉFICE, Fernando . Prelavence of biomicroscopic findings in the anterior segment and ocular adexal among school pupils in Natal/Brazil. Arquivos Brasileiros de Oftalmologia, São Paulo, v. 68, n. 2, p. 167-70, 2005. Disponível em<> Acesso em: 28 jul. 2013
Abstract: Objective: To determine the prevalence of ocular findings of the external structures and anterior segment of the eye, detected by biomicroscopic examination in schoolchildren in Natal (RN) - Brazil. Methods: After previous random selection, 1,024 pupils from elementary and secondary public and private schools in the city of Natal were evaluated from March to June 2001. All were submitted to preestablished standard research norms, consisting of identification, demographic information, ophthalmologic biomicroscopic examination, with slit lamp, performed by ophthalmologists from the “Onofre Lopes” University Hospital. Results: Alterations of the conjunctival and palpebral conditions were the most prevalent (10.4% and 6.2% respectively). Follicles (4.2%) and papillae (3.0%) were the frequent conjunctival lesions, while blepharitis (3.5%) and meibomitis (1.1%) were the most detected abnormalities in the eyelids. Upon examining the cornea, iris, lens and anterior vitreous, the most encountered findings were nubecula (0.5%), papillary membrane reliquiae (0.5%), posterior capsula opacity (0.8%) and hyaloid arteria reliquiae (2.0%). Conclusion: The most prevalent findings affecting the external structures of the eye such as eyelids and conjunctiva, consisted of blepharitis followed by follicular reaction of the conjunctiva. The most prevalent abnormalities in the cornea, iris, lens and anterior vitreous were nubecula, papillary membrane reliquiae, posterior capsular opacity and hyaloid arteria reliquiae, in that order
ISSN: 0004-2749
Appears in Collections:CCS - DCIRUR - Artigos publicados em periódicos

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