Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://repositorio.ufrn.br/handle/1/6273
Title: Epidemiologic study of anisometropia in students of Natal, Brazil
Other Titles: Estudo epidemiológico da anisometropia em estudantes da cidade de Natal, Brasil
Authors: Garcia, Carlos Alexandre de Amorim
Dantas, Erymar de Araújo
Souza, Araken Britto de
Uchoa, Raquel Araújo Costa
Oréfice, Fernando
Keywords: Anisometropia-epidemiology;Amblyopia;Students;Refractive errors;Strabismus
Issue Date: 2005
Citation: GARCIA, C. A. A; DANTAS, Erymar de Araújo; SOUSA, Araken Britto de; UCHÔA, Raquel Araújo Costa; ORÉFICE, Fernando. Epidemiologic study of anisometropia in students of Natal, Brazil. Arquivos Brasileiros de Oftalmologia, São Paulo - Brasil, v. 68, n.01, p. 75-77, 2005.
Abstract: To perform an epidemiologic study in students in Natal/Brazil,with relation to refractional anisometropia, evaluating criteria such as: gender, age, and association with strabismus and amblyopia. Methods: A study of 1,024 students randomly selected from several districts of Natal/Brazil was undertaken by the Department of Ophthalmology of the Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte (UFRN), observing the following criteria of ≥ 2 spherical or cylindrical diopter refractional anisometropia relating it to sex, age, association with strabismus, amblyopia and anisometropia classification. Results: We found a prevalence of 2% (N=21) anisometropia in the students. The female gender predominated with 81% (N=17). In students with anisometropia, we observed an association with strabismus in 9.5% of cases (N=2), both with exotropia. The association of anisometropia with amblyopia occurred in 47.6% of the cases (N=10), with 8 cases of unilateral amblyopia and 2 cases of bilateral amblyopia. Conclusions: There was a predominance of anisometropia in females, and an increased prevalence of strabismus and amblyopia in students with anisometropiaTo perform an epidemiologic study in students in Natal/Brazil, with relation to refractional anisometropia, evaluating criteria such as: gender, age, and association with strabismus and amblyopia. Methods: A study of 1,024 students randomly selected from several districts of Natal/Brazil was undertaken by the Department of Ophthalmology of the Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte (UFRN), observing the following criteria of ≥ 2 spherical or cylindrical diopter refractional anisometropia relating it to sex, age, association with strabismus, amblyopia and anisometropia classification. Results: We found a prevalence of 2% (N=21) anisometropia in the students. The female gender predominated with 81% (N=17). In students with anisometropia, we observed an association with strabismus in 9.5% of cases (N=2), both with exotropia. The association of anisometropia with amblyopia occurred in 47.6% of the cases (N=10), with 8 cases of unilateral amblyopia and 2 cases of bilateral amblyopia. Conclusions: There was a predominance of anisometropia in females, and an increased prevalence of strabismus and amblyopia in students with anisometropia
URI: https://repositorio.ufrn.br/jspui/handle/1/6273
ISSN: 0004-2749
Appears in Collections:CCS - DCIRUR - Artigos publicados em periódicos

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