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|Title:||Selective entrainment of gamma subbands by different slow network oscillations|
|Keywords:||cross-frequency coupling;gamma subbands;theta;respiration;neocortex|
|Resumo:||Theta oscillations (4–12 Hz) are thought to provide a common temporal reference for the exchange of information among distant brain networks. On the other hand, faster gamma-frequency oscillations (30–160 Hz) nested within theta cycles are believed to underlie local information processing. Whether oscillatory coupling between global and local oscillations, as showcased by theta-gamma coupling, is a general coding mechanism remains unknown. Here, we investigated two different patterns of oscillatory network activity, theta and respiration-induced network rhythms, in four brain regions of freely moving mice: olfactory bulb (OB), prelimbic cortex (PLC), parietal cortex (PAC), and dorsal hippocampus [cornu ammonis 1 (CA1)]. We report differential state- and region-specific coupling between the slow large-scale rhythms and superimposed fast oscillations. During awake immobility, all four regions displayed a respiration-entrained rhythm (RR) with decreasing power from OB to CA1, which coupled exclusively to the 80- to 120-Hz gamma subband (γ2). During exploration, when theta activity was prevailing, OB and PLC still showed exclusive coupling of RR with γ2 and no thetagamma coupling, whereas PAC and CA1 switched to selective coupling of theta with 40- to 80-Hz (γ1) and 120- to 160-Hz (γ3) gamma subbands. Our data illustrate a strong, specific interaction between neuronal activity patterns and respiration. Moreover, our results suggest that the coupling between slow and fast oscillations is a general brain mechanism not limited to the theta rhythm.|
|Appears in Collections:||ICe - Artigos publicados em periódicos|
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