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Title: Interplay of environmental signals and progenitor diversity on fate specification of cortical GABAergic neurons
Authors: Brandão, Juliana A.
Romcy-Pereira, Rodrigo Neves
Keywords: interneuron;cortical development;non-autonomous specification;inhibitory circuit;cell identity
Issue Date: 28-Apr-2015
Citation: Brandão JA and Romcy-Pereira RN (2015) Interplay of environmental signals and progenitor diversity on fate specification of cortical GABAergic neurons. Front. Cell. Neurosci. 9:149. doi: 10.3389/fncel.2015.00149
Abstract: Cortical GABAergic interneurons constitute an extremely diverse population of cells organized in a well-defined topology of precisely interconnected cells. They play a crucial role regulating inhibitory-excitatory balance in brain circuits, gating sensory perception, and regulating spike timing to brain oscillations during distinct behaviors. Dysfunctions in the establishment of proper inhibitory circuits have been associated to several brain disorders such as autism, epilepsy, and schizophrenia. In the rodent adult cortex, inhibitory neurons are generated during the second gestational week from distinct progenitor lineages located in restricted domains of the ventral telencephalon. However, only recently, studies have revealed some of the mechanisms generating the heterogeneity of neuronal subtypes and their modes of integration in brain networks. Here we will discuss some the events involved in the production of cortical GABAergic neuron diversity with focus on the interaction between intrinsically driven genetic programs and environmental signals during development.
ISSN: 1662-5102
Appears in Collections:ICe - Artigos publicados em periódicos

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