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Title: Economy of the island of eco-tourism: the role of shark-diving and shark harvesting
Authors: Pires, Natalia de Medeiros
Keywords: Conservation;Economic;Valuation;Chondrichthyes;Socio-economic value;Ecosystem service
Issue Date: 24-Feb-2015
Publisher: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte
Citation: PIRES, Natalia de Medeiros. Economy of the island of eco-tourism: the role of shark-diving and shark harvesting. 2015. 40 f. Dissertação (Mestrado em Ecologia) – Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ecologia. Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte, 2015.
Portuguese Abstract: Beyond its importance in maintaining ecosystems, sharks provide services that play important socioeconomic roles. The rise in their exploitation as a tourism resource in recent years has highlighted economic potential of non-destructive uses of sharks and the extent of economic losses associated to declines in their population. In this work, we present estimates for use value of sharks in Fernando de Noronha Island - the only ecotouristic site offering shark diving experience in the Atlantic coast of South America. Through the Travel Cost Method we estimate the total touristic use value aggregated to Noronha Island by the travel cost was up to USD 312 million annually, of which USD 91.1 million are transferred to the local economy. Interviewing people from five different economic sectors, we show shark-diving contribute with USD 2.5 million per year to Noronha’s economy, representing 19% of the island’s GDP. Shark-diving provides USD 128.5 thousand of income to employed islanders, USD 72.6 thousand to government in taxes and USD 5.3 thousand to fishers due to the increase in fish consumption demanded by shark divers. We discover, though, that fishers who actually are still involved in shark fishing earn more by catching sharks than selling other fish for consumption by shark divers. We conclude, however, that the non-consumptive use of sharks is most likely to benefit large number of people by generating and money flow if compared to the shark fishing, providing economic arguments to promote the conservation of these species.
Appears in Collections:PPGE - Mestrado em Ecologia

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