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Title: Prevalence of lip and perioral Ephelides in beach workers
Authors: Lucena, Eudes Euler de Souza
Castro, Ana Claudia de Queiroz
Farias, Danielle Bezerra de
Lima, Pérola Teixeira de
Silveira, Ericka Janine Dantas da
Lima, Kenio Costa de
Keywords: Dermatomycoses;Cross-sectional studies;Skin diseases;Solar radiation
Issue Date: 2013
Citation: LUCENA, Eudes Euler de Souza et al. Prevalence of lip and perioral Ephelides in beach workers. Anais Brasileiros de Dermatologia, v. 88, n.1, p. 56-63, 2013.
Portuguese Abstract: BACKGROUND: Ephelides are small hyperpigmented macules common in the skin, presenting as areas with increased melanin production. Ephelides are observed in genetically predisposed individuals, particularly fair-skinned people highly susceptible to sunburn. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to determine the prevalence of lip and perioral ephelides in 362 beach workers in the city of Natal (Rio Grande do Norte) and to investigate potential associations with sociodemographic, occupational and general health. METHODS: For this purpose clinical tests were performed by calibrated examiners in the epidemiological area around the lips and the area bounded laterally by the nasolabial groove and at the bottom by the chin. A questionnaire was completed and assessed. The possible associations between sociodemographic variables, occupational and general health with the presence of lip and perioral ephelides were evaluated by chi-square test for a significance level of 5%. RESULTS: Approximately one third of the workers were affected by perioral ephelides (33.7%) and around a quarter of them by lip ephelides (24.0%). Gender was the only variable significantly associated with the presence of perioral ephelides (p = 0.002), unlike lip ephelides which proved to be significantly associated with habits (p = 0.036) and alcoholism (0.030). CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of ephelides in lip and perioral region was high in the study population, with gender and certain habits associated with its occurrence.
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