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Title: Factors associated with early weaning at a Child-Friendly Healthcare Initiative Hospitall
Authors: Granville-Garcia, Ana Flávia
Lins, Ruthinéia Diógenes Alves Uchoa
Oliveira, Ana C. B.
Paiva, Saul M.
Sousa, Raulison V.
Martins, Veruska
Silva, Maria S. P.
Ferreira, Jainara M. S.
Menezes, Valdenice A.
Keywords: Breastfeeding;Risk factors;Early weaning
Issue Date: 2012
Citation: GRANVILLE-GARCIA, A. F. et al. Factors associated with early weaning at a Child-Friendly Healthcare Initiative Hospitall. Revista Odonto Ciência, v. 27, n. 3, p. 202-207, 2012.
Portuguese Abstract: PURPOSE: Considering the benefits of breastfeeding on children's health, the aim of the present study was to determine factors associated with early weaning among children at a Child-Friendly Healthcare Initiative (CFHI) children's hospital in the city of Campina Grande, state of Paraíba, Brazil. METHODS: An analytical, cross-sectional study was carried out involving 800 mothers of children between 0 and 24 months of age at the Elpídio de Almeida Health Institute. A semi-structured questionnaire was administered and contained questions on socio-demographic characteristics, eating habits and nonnutritive sucking habits. The chi-square test and Fisher's exact test were employed for statistical analysis. A multivariate analysis was performed with variables that achieved a P-value < 0.25 in the bivariate analysis. RESULTS: The prevalence of early weaning was 13.5%. In the bivariate analysis, the factors associated with early weaning were income (P=0.001), child's birth weight (P=0.016), bottle feeding (P=0.003) and pacifier use (P<0.001). In the multivariate analysis, pacifier use remained significantly associated with early weaning (OR: 3.23; 95% CI: 1.871 to 5.591; P<0.001). CONCLUSION: Pacifier use was associated with early weaning, even when mothers were advised to avoid this habit.
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