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Title: Autobiographical Memory Disturbances in Depression: A Novel Therapeutic Target?
Authors: Köhler, Cristiano A.
Carvalho, André F.
Alves, Gilberto S.
McIntyre, Roger S.
Hyphantis, Thomas N.
Cammarota, Martín Pablo
Keywords: major depressive disorder;autobiographical memories;depression treatment
Issue Date: 2015
Portuguese Abstract: Major depressive disorder (MDD) is characterized by a dysfunctional processing of autobiographical memories. We review the following core domains of deficit: systematic biases favoring materials of negative emotional valence; diminished access and response to positive memories; a recollection of overgeneral memories in detriment of specific autobiographical memories; and the role of ruminative processes and avoidance when dealing with autobiographical memories. Furthermore, we review evidence from functional neuroimaging studies of neural circuits activated by the recollection of autobiographical memories in both healthy and depressive individuals. Disruptions in autobiographical memories predispose and portend onset and maintenance of depression. Thus, we discuss emerging therapeutics that target memory difficulties in those with depression. We review strategies for this clinical domain, including memory specificity training, method-of-loci, memory rescripting, and real-time fMRI neurofeedback training of amygdala activity in depression. We propose that the manipulation of the reconsolidation of autobiographical memories in depression might represent a novel yet largely unexplored, domain-specific, therapeutic opportunity for depression treatment.
Appears in Collections:ICe - Artigos publicados em periódicos

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