Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://repositorio.ufrn.br/handle/123456789/30235
Title: The history of writing reflects the effects of education on discourse structure: implications for literacy, orality, psychosis and the axial age
Authors: Pinheiro, Sylvia
Mota, Natália Bezerra
Sigman, Mariano
Fernández-Slezak, Diego
Guerreiro, Antonio
Tófoli, Luís Fernando
Cecchi, Guillermo
Copelli, Mauro
Ribeiro, Sidarta Tollendal Gomes
Keywords: Graph;Literature;Bronze age;Axial age;Indigenous;Language evolution
Issue Date: 1-Oct-2020
Publisher: Elsevier
Citation: PINHEIRO, Sylvia; MOTA, Natália Bezerra; SIGMAN, Mariano; FERNÁNDEZ-SLEZAK, Diego; GUERREIRO, Antonio; TÓFOLI, Luís Fernando; CECCHI, Guillermo; COPELLI, Mauro; RIBEIRO, Sidarta. The history of writing reflects the effects of education on discourse structure: implications for literacy, orality, psychosis and the axial age. Trends In Neuroscience And Education, [S. l.], p. 100142, out. 2020. doi: 10.1016/j.tine.2020.100142. Disponível em: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2211949320300181. Acesso em: 2 out. 2020.
Portuguese Abstract: Background: Graph analysis detects psychosis and literacy acquisition. Bronze Age literature has been proposed to contain childish or psychotic features, which would only have matured during the Axial Age (∼800-200 BC), a putative boundary for contemporary mentality. Method: Graph analysis of literary texts spanning ∼4,500 years shows remarkable asymptotic changes over time. Results: While lexical diversity, long-range recurrence and graph length increase away from randomness, short-range recurrence declines towards random levels. Bronze Age texts are structurally similar to oral reports from literate typical children and literate psychotic adults, but distinct from poetry, and from narratives by preliterate preschoolers or Amerindians. Text structure reconstitutes the “arrow-of-time”, converging to educated adult levels at the Axial Age onset. Conclusion: The educational pathways of oral and literate traditions are structurally divergent, with a decreasing range of recurrence in the former, and an increasing range of recurrence in the latter. Education is seemingly the driving force underlying discourse maturation
URI: https://repositorio.ufrn.br/handle/123456789/30235
Appears in Collections:ICe - Artigos publicados em periódicos

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