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Title: Lifecourse adversity and physical performance across countries among men and women aged 65-74
Authors: Sousa, Ana Carolina Patrício de Albuquerque
Guerra, Ricardo Oliveira
Tu, Mai Thanh
Phillips, Susan P.
Guralnik, Jack M.
Zunzunegui, Maria-Victoria
Keywords: Adaptation, Psychological;Aged;Geriatric Assessment;Life Change Events;Poverty;Risk Factors
Issue Date: 7-Aug-2014
Publisher: Public Library of Science
Citation: SOUSA, Ana Carolina Patrício de Albuquerque; GUERRA, Ricardo Oliveira; TU, Mai Thanh; PHILLIPS, Susan P.; GURALNIK, Jack M.; ZUNZUNEGUI, Maria-Victoria. Lifecourse adversity and physical performance across countries among men and women aged 65-74. Plos One, [s. l.], v. 9, n. 8, p. 102299, 7 ago. 2014. Public Library of Science (PLoS). Disponível em: Acesso em: 19 ago. 2020.
Portuguese Abstract: Background: This study examines the associations between lifecourse adversity and physical performance in old age in different societies of North and South America and Europe. Methods: We used data from the baseline survey of the International Study of Mobility in Aging, conducted in: Kingston (Canada), Saint-Hyacinthe (Canada), Natal (Brazil), Manizales (Colombia) and Tirana (Albania). The study population was composed of community dwelling people between 65 and 74 years of age, recruiting 200 men and 200 women at each site. Physical Performance was assessed with the Short Physical Performance Battery (SPPB). Economic and social adversity was estimated from childhood adverse events, low education, semi-skilled occupations during adulthood and living alone and insufficient income in old age. Results: A total of 1995 people were assessed. Low physical performance was associated with childhood social and economic adversity, semi-skilled occupations, living alone and insufficient income. Physical performance was lower in participants living in Colombia, Brazil and Albania than in Canada counterparts, despite adjustment for lifecourse adversity, age and sex. Conclusions: We show evidence of the early origins of social and economic inequalities in physical performance during old age in distinct populations and for the independent and cumulative disadvantage of low socioeconomic status during adulthood and poverty and living alone in later life
ISSN: 1932-6203 (online)
Appears in Collections:CCS - DFST - Artigos publicados em periódicos

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