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Título: Parturition Signaling by Visual Cues in Female Marmosets (Callithrix jacchus)
Autor(es): Moreira, Laís Alves Antonio
Oliveira, Danilo Gustavo Rodrigues de
Sousa, Maria Bernardete Cordeiro de
Pessoa, Daniel Marques Almeida
Palavras-chave: Visual Cues;Female Marmosets (Callithrix jacchus)
Data do documento: 5-Jun-2015
Editor: Plos One
Referência: Moreira LAA, de Oliveira DGR, de Sousa MBC, Pessoa DMA (2015) Parturition Signaling by Visual Cues in Female Marmosets (Callithrix jacchus). PLoS ONE 10(6): e0129319. doi:10.1371/ journal.pone.0129319
Abstract: New World monkeys have polymorphic color vision, in which all males and some females are dichromats, while most females are trichromats. There is little consensus about which selective pressures fashioned primate color vision, although detection of food, mates and predators has been hypothesized. Behavioral evidence shows that males from different species of Neotropical primates seem to perceive the timing of female conception and gestation, although, no signals fulfilling this function have been identified. Therefore, we used visual models to test the hypothesis that female marmosets show chromatic and/or achromatic cues that may indicate the time of parturition for male and female conspecifics. By recording the reflectance spectra of female marmosets’ (Callithrix jacchus) sexual skin, and running chromatic and achromatic discrimination models, we found that both variables fluctuate during the weeks that precede and succeed parturition, forming “U” and inverted “U” patterns for chromatic and achromatic contrast, respectively. We suggest that variation in skin chroma and luminance might be used by female helpers and dominant females to identify the timing of birth, while achromatic variations may be used as clues by potential fathers to identify pregnancy stage in females and prepare for paternal burdens as well as to detect oestrus in the early post-partum period.
ISSN: 1932-6203
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