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Title: Effect of acetyl resin retentive arms on the retentive force ofcircumferential clasps: an in vitro study.
Authors: Torres, Érica Miranda de
Damasceno, Iane Inarde e Siqueira
Amaral, Bruna Aguiar do
Rodrigues, Renata Cristina Silveira
Carreiro, Adriana da Fonte Porto
Ribeiro, Ricardo Faria
Keywords: Dental clasps;Acetyl resin;Removable partial denture;Aesthetics;Fatigue
Issue Date: 2012
Citation: TORRES, Érica Miranda de et al. Effect of acetyl resin retentive arms on the retentive force of circumferential clasps: an in vitro study. Journal of Prosthodontic Research , v. 56, n. 3, p. 216-21, 2012.
Portuguese Abstract: PURPOSE: To compare and to evaluate the stability of the retentive force of cobalt-chromium (Co-Cr) circumferential clasps (control) to those with an acetyl resin retentive arm. METHODS: Sixteen specimens with a couple of circumferential clasps were made using Co-Cr over a metal model providing 0.25 mm undercuts. Eight specimens were fabricated without the anterior retentive arm, which was made later using acetyl resin (Dental D). Insertion and removal simulation test was performed through 7250 cycles. The retentive force was recorded in Newtons (N) for periods corresponding to 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, and 5 years. The data were subjected to ANOVA and Tukey test to compare periods and to Student's t test to compare groups (α=0.05). RESULTS: Mean (SD) is presented for Co-Cr and resin groups, respectively: 8.09(3.05) and 2.79(1.57) in period 0; 10.48(4.25) and 3.32(1.92) in 1 year; 10.09(4.15) and 3.47(1.81) in 2 years; 9.87(4.30) and 3.46(1.87) in 3 years; 9.46(3.93) and 3.27(1.59) in 4 years; 9.63(3.79) and 3.41(1.59) in 5 years. There were significant differences for Co-Cr between periods of 0 and 1 (p<0.001), 0 and 2 (p<0.01) and 0 and 3 (p<0.05). In the resin group, no significant differences were found between periods (p>0.05). Comparisons between the groups showed statistical differences for all tested periods: 0 (p=0.0012), 1 (p=0.0013), 2 (p=0.0019), 3 (p=0.0031), 4 (p=0.0027) and 5 years (p=0.0014). CONCLUSIONS: Acetyl resin retentive arms, even if only in the anterior clasps, can significantly reduce the retentive force, but this force remained stable after 5 years of simulated use.
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