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Title: Muscarinic and Nicotinic Modulation of Thalamo- Prefrontal Cortex Synaptic Pasticity In Vivo
Authors: Bueno-Junior, Lezio Soares
Lopes-Aguiar, Cleiton
Ruggiero, Rafael Naime
Romcy-Pereira, Rodrigo Neves
Leite, João Pereira
Keywords: Muscarinic;Nicotinic;Thalamo- Prefrontal Cortex;Pasticity;Synaptic
Issue Date: 30-Oct-2012
Citation: Bueno-Junior LS, Lopes-Aguiar C, Ruggiero RN, Romcy-Pereira RN, Leite JP (2012) Muscarinic and Nicotinic Modulation of Thalamo-Prefrontal Cortex Synaptic Pasticity In Vivo. PLoS ONE 7(10): e47484. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0047484
Portuguese Abstract: The mediodorsal nucleus of the thalamus (MD) is a rich source of afferents to the medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC). Dysfunctions in the thalamo-prefrontal connections can impair networks implicated in working memory, some of which are affected in Alzheimer disease and schizophrenia. Considering the importance of the cholinergic system to cortical functioning, our study aimed to investigate the effects of global cholinergic activation of the brain on MD-mPFC synaptic plasticity by measuring the dynamics of long-term potentiation (LTP) and depression (LTD) in vivo. Therefore, rats received intraventricular injections either of the muscarinic agonist pilocarpine (PILO; 40 nmol/mL), the nicotinic agonist nicotine (NIC; 320 nmol/mL), or vehicle. The injections were administered prior to either thalamic high-frequency (HFS) or low-frequency stimulation (LFS). Test pulses were applied to MD for 30 min during baseline and 240 min after HFS or LFS, while field postsynaptic potentials were recorded in the mPFC. The transient oscillatory effects of PILO and NIC were monitored through recording of thalamic and cortical local field potentials. Our results show that HFS did not affect mPFC responses in vehicle-injected rats, but induced a delayed-onset LTP with distinct effects when applied following PILO or NIC. Conversely, LFS induced a stable LTD in control subjects, but was unable to induce LTD when applied after PILO or NIC. Taken together, our findings show distinct modulatory effects of each cholinergic brain activation on MD-mPFC plasticity following HFS and LFS. The LTP-inducing action and long-lasting suppression of cortical LTD induced by PILO and NIC might implicate differential modulation of thalamo-prefrontal functions under low and high input drive.
ISSN: 1932-6203
Appears in Collections:ICe - Artigos publicados em periódicos

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