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|Title:||Instructing neuronal identity during CNS development and astroglial-lineage reprogramming: Roles of NEUROG2 and ASCL1|
Costa, Marcos R.
|Keywords:||Neural progenitors;Neuronal identity specification;Astroglia lineage-reprogramming;Neurog2;Ascl1|
|Portuguese Abstract:||The adult mammalian brain contains an enormous variety of neuronal types, which are generally categorized in large groups, based on their neurochemical identity, hodological properties and molecular markers. This broad classification has allowed the correlation between individual neural progenitor populations and their neuronal progeny, thus contributing to probe the cellular and molecular mechanisms involved in neuronal identity determination during central nervous system (CNS) development. In this review, we discuss the contribution of the proneural genes Neurogenin2 (Neurog2) and Achaete-scute homolog 1 (Ascl1) for the specification of neuronal phenotypes in the developing neocortex, cerebellum and retina. Then, we revise recent data on astroglia cell lineage reprogramming into induced neurons using the same proneural proteins to compare the neuronal phenotypes obtained from astroglial cells originated in those CNS regions. We conclude that Ascl1 and Neurog2 have different contributions to determine neuronal fates, depending on the neural progenitor or astroglial population expressing those proneural factors. Finally, we discuss some possible explanations for these seemingly conflicting effects of Ascl1 and Neurog2 and propose future approaches to further dissect the molecular mechanisms of neuronal identity specification.|
|Appears in Collections:||ICe - Artigos publicados em periódicos|
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