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Title: Characterization of RadA/Sms from Chromobacterium violaceum and discovery of a new episome
Authors: Lima, Daniel Chaves de
Keywords: Recombinação homóloga;RadA/Sms;RecA;Chromobacterium-violaceum;Episoma
Issue Date: 23-Sep-2016
Citation: LIMA, Daniel Chaves de. Characterization of RadA/Sms from Chromobacterium violaceum and discovery of a new episome. 2016. 105f. Tese (Doutorado em Bioquímica) - Centro de Biociências, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte, Natal, 2016.
Portuguese Abstract: Chromobacterium violaceum is a ß-proteobacteria commonly found around tropical and subtropical regions throughout the globe. It produces many metabolites with biotechnological properties such as antitumoral peptides, antibiotics and polymers that have potential to replace the oil-based ones. Although it has been extensively studied over the past 40 years, there are many aspects of C. violaceum that remains unclear until today. We have conducted a biochemical study on the homologous recombination (HR) machinery of C. violaceum, mainly in RecA and its paralog, RadA/Sms. We performed in vitro assays from initial and late steps of HR such as D-loop formation and branch migration, respectively, with their corresponding molecular actors and how RadA/Sms influenced each one. We observed cvRadA/Sms influences negatively D-loop formation promoted by cvRecA and through pull-down assay we have observed an interaction between these two proteins. We also observed the DNA-binding preference of cvRadA/Sms and cvRecA and observed that this protein binds preferentially to dsDNA instead ssDNA, unlike cvRecA. No involvement of cvRadA/Sms on branch migration reactions was detected. In this work, we also described, for the first time, the isolation, sequencing and annotation of a new plasmid from C. violaceum, which we named ChVi1 and has 44,236 base pairs, 39 predicted open reading frames (ORFs) and, possibly, two origins of replication. Most of the ORFs codes for hypothetical and structural bacteriophage proteins. By using restriction digestion and Next-generation sequencing (NGS) we also looked for the presence of a similar plasmid in other seven C. violaceum strains isolated from amazon region. Our analysis suggest the presence of a plasmid similar to ChVi1 in two of these strains. The present work describes for the first time a biochemical characterization of RadA/Sms and RecA from C. violaceum which have different roles in HR. Moreover, the discovery of ChVi1 opens a path to further explore C. violaceum’s biology.
Appears in Collections:PPGB - Doutorado em Bioquímica

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