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Título: Comparison of techniques used for functional evaluation of pelvic floor muscles
Autor(es): Costa, Christiane Kelen Lucena da
Spirydes, Maria Helena Constantino
Sousa, Maria Bernardete Cordeiro de
Palavras-chave: Pelvic floor;Muscle Strength;Women’s Health;Assoalho pélvico;Força muscular;Saúde da Mulher
Data do documento: 2017
Resumo: Objective: To identify and discuss techniques for evaluation of pelvic fl oor muscles (PFM) focusing on the most used and accessible techniques in health care. Methods: This is a quantitative exploratory and descriptive applied research. Data were collected from March to June 2016 at a higher education institution in the city of João Pessoa, Paraíba, Brazil. Initially, 31 healthy young women were submitted to pelvic fl oor evaluation using the following methods: PERFECT, vaginal cones, and perineometry using Perine and Peritron. The participants then performed exercises to strengthen PFM. The variables measured by the different methods were also recorded 30 and 60 days after the start of the program. ANOVA was used for repeated measures and Spearman’s correlation test was used for the evaluation instruments with signif cance set at 5%. Results: The functional evaluation using all the methods was adequate in the PFM evaluation. In the digital palpation (PERFECT), the endurance response (E) was positively correlated to Perina (rho=0.688) and vaginal cones (rho=0.571), and muscle strength (P) was positively correlated to the Peritron technique (rho=0.506). Conclusion: There are several ways to evaluate PFM function and all of them provide sensory feedback to the patient. Given the low costs of digital palpation, the introduction of this technique into women’s health services is likely to improve women’s quality of life.
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