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Title: Resveratrol decreases the expression of genes involved in inflammation through transcriptional regulation
Authors: Pinheiro, Daniele Maria Lopes
Oliveira, Ana Helena Sales de
Coutinho, Leonam Gomes
Fontes, Fabrícia Lima
Oliveira, Rayssa Karla de Medeiros
Oliveira, Thais Teixeira
Faustino, André Luís Fonseca
Silva, Vandeclécio Lira da
Campos, Julliane Tamara Araújo de Melo
Lajus, Tirzah Braz Petta
Souza, Sandro José de
Agnez-Lima, Lucymara Fassarella
Keywords: Chromatin;inflammation;RNAseq;resveratrol;transcription
Issue Date: 24-Oct-2018
Citation: PINHEIRO, D. M. L. et al. Resveratrol decreases the expression of genes involved in inflammation through transcriptional regulation. Free Radic Biol Med., v. 130, p. 8-22, out. 2018. doi: 10.1016/j.freeradbiomed.2018.10.432
Portuguese Abstract: Oxidative stress generated during inflammation is associated with a wide range of pathologies. Resveratrol (RESV) displays anti-inflammatory and antioxidant activities, being a candidate for the development of adjuvant therapies for several inflammatory diseases. Despite this potential, the cellular responses induced by RESV are not well known. In this work, transcriptomic analysis was performed following lipopolysaccharide (LPS) stimulation of monocyte cultures in the presence of RESV. Induction of an inflammatory response was observed after LPS treatment and the addition of RESV led to decreases in expression of the inflammatory mediators, tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α), interleukin-8 (IL-8), and monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1), without cytotoxicity. RNA sequencing revealed 823 upregulated and 2098 downregulated genes (cutoff ≥2.0 or ≤−2.0) after RESV treatment. Gene ontology analysis showed that the upregulated genes were associated with metabolic processes and the cell cycle, consistent with normal cell growth and differentiation under an inflammatory stimulus. The downregulated genes were associated with inflammatory responses, gene expression, and protein modification. The prediction of master regulators using the iRegulon tool showed nuclear respiratory factor 1 (NRF1) and GA-binding protein alpha subunit (GABPA) as the main regulators of the downregulated genes. Using immunoprecipitation and protein expression assays, we observed that RESV was able to decrease protein acetylation patterns, such as acetylated apurinic/apyrimidinic endonuclease-1/reduction-oxidation factor 1 (APE1/Ref-1), and increase histone methylation. In addition, reductions in p65 (nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-κB) subunit) and lysine-specific histone demethylase-1 (LSD1) expression were observed. In conclusion, our data indicate that treatment with RESV caused significant changes in protein acetylation and methylation patterns, suggesting the induction of deacetylase and reduction of demethylase activities that mainly affect regulatory cascades mediated by NF-кB and Janus kinase/signal transducers and activators of transcription (JAK/STAT) signaling. NRF1 and GABPA seem to be the main regulators of the transcriptional profile observed after RESV treatment.
Embargoed until: 2020-01-01
Appears in Collections:ICe - Artigos publicados em periódicos

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