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Title: Clustering of risk factors for cardiometabolic diseases in low-income, female adolescents
Authors: Melo, Elza Maria Fernandes Seabra de
Azevedo, George Dantas de
Silva, João Batista da
Lemos, Telma Maria Araujo Moura
Maranhão, Técia M. O.
Freitas, Ana Karla Monteiro Santana de Oliveira
Spyrides, Maria H.
Costa, Eduardo Caldas
Keywords: Adolescents;Risk factors;Cardiovascular disease;Obesity
Issue Date: Jun-2016
Publisher: Sociedade Brasileira de Endocrinologia e Metabologia
Citation: MELO, Elza Maria Fernandes Seabra de; AZEVEDO, George Dantas de; SILVA, João Batista da; LEMOS, Telma Maria Araujo Moura; MARANHÃO, Técia M. O.; FREITAS, Ana Karla Monteiro Santana de Oliveira; SPYRIDES, Maria H.; COSTA, Eduardo Caldas Clustering of risk factors for cardiometabolic diseases in low-income, female adolescents. Archives Of Endocrinology And Metabolism, [s. l.], v. 60, n. 3, p. 205-210, jun. 2016. Archives of Endocrinology and Metabolism. Disponível em: Acesso em: 20 out. 2020.
Portuguese Abstract: Objective: To assess the prevalence and clustering patterns of cardiometabolic risk factors among low-income, female adolescents. Materials and methods: Cross-sectional study involving 196 students of public schools (11-19 years old). The following risk factors were considered in the analysis: excess weight, central obesity, dyslipidemia, high blood pressure, and high fasting glucose. The ratio between observed and expected prevalence and its confidence interval were used to identify clustering of risk factors that exceeded expected prevalence in the population. Results: The most prevalent risk factors were dyslipidemia (70.9%), and central obesity (39.8%), followed by excess weight (29.6%), and high blood pressure (12.8%). A total of 42.9% of adolescents had two or more risk factors, and 24% had three or more. Excess weight, central obesity, and dyslipidemia were common risk factors in the clustering patterns that showed higher-than-expected prevalence. Conclusions: Clustering of risk factors (≥ two factors) among the adolescents showed considerable prevalence, and there was a non-casual coexistence of excess weight, central obesity, and dyslipidemia (mainly low HDL-cholesterol).
ISSN: 2359-3997 (print)
2359-4292 (online)
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